let's start with the basics

The United Nations (UN)

The United Nations (UN): The UN are a global organization made up of nearly every country in the world. Member countries are required by law to follow the rules and regulations set out by the UN.

A United Nation building with flags near the entrance
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Conference of the Parties (COP)

Conventions are legal agreements between countries and the UN. The CBD was formed in 1993 with the aim of conserving and sustainably using biodiversity, for the benefit of all people and the planet.

196 countries - aka ‘parties’ - are part of the CBD. Leaders and representatives of these countries attend a conference once every two years to review progress, set priorities, and commit to future plans.

This was the 15th time this conference took place - hence 'COP 15' - which was held in Montreal, Canada from December 7 to 19.

Delegates at a United Nations conference

© WWF / Richard Stonehouse


Biological diversity aka 'biodiversity'

Biodiversity is the rich variety of all life on Earth along with the places and spaces they call home - forests, grasslands, oceans, rivers and everything in between. We often refer to biodiversity by another name - "nature" - and allthough not all of us live close to nature, we all directly and indirectly depend on it for our survival and livelihoods.

But we're losing nature at an alarming rate, putting the planet and ourselves in increasing danger. 

Coral reef© Alexis Rosenfeld


To sum it up, the CBD’s COP - or the Biodiversity COP - determines global efforts for nature in the years ahead.

But at COP 15, the stakes were higher than ever - COP15 offered a once-in-a-decade chance to heal our broken relationship with nature. We don’t have many opportunities like these left to safeguard our future.


We are already facing:



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