Likewise, high quality nature-based solutions must be inclusive and transparent, and governance processes should also take into account trade-offs. That means they are inclusive in the way they are governed, designed, implemented and monitored. But foremost a high-quality NbS will secure full and effective participation of rights holders in decision-making processes. This could prevent trade-offs to occur inadvertently and support better outcomes for people and nature.

It is essential that nature-based solutions are gender responsive. Women are amongst those most affected by biodiversity loss due in part to their lack of ownership rights and access to resources in indigenous and rural communities. Yet research shows that empowering women to reverse biodiversity loss has a greater impact. Women can be agents of change, leading biodiversity protection, conservation and sustainable farming efforts.  Gender equality and women’s empowerment are central to effective environmental decision-making processes and lead to better resource governance and biodiversity conservation outcomes.

further reading

News and updates



Ensuring nature-based solutions support both biodiversity and climate change adaptation

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© Tessel in 't Veld / WWF-Netherlands

Including the Oft-Forgotten: The Necessity of Including Women and Indigenous Peoples in Nature-Based Solution Research

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Locally-led nature-based solutions can deliver global leaders’ pledge

examples setting out why locally-led nature-based solutions are indispensable 

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